The State of Oregon has a Citizen Legislature consisting of the Senate, whose 30 members are elected to serve four-year terms, and the House of Representatives, which has 60 members elected for two-year terms. The assembly convenes every two years in regular session on the second Monday in January during odd-numbered years, a date set by statute. Oregon Constitution does not specify a limitation on session length, however most sessions last approximately six months. During the interim, legislators serve on interim committees and task forces that study issues likely to be faced during the next legislative session.
Oregon’s representative form of government is governed by rules, laws, and procedures. Although the process is long, complex and dominated by committees, all laws begin as someone’s idea.
The Legislative Branch is comprised of the Assembly (state elected officials and their staffs) and four legislative service service agencies:
The Legislative Administration Committee is the primary support service arm of the Legislative Assembly. Its executive officer, the Legislative Administrator, oversees the activities of a number of units within Legislative Administration.
The committee, authorized by ORS 173.710, is composed of the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House, three senators appointed by the President and four representatives appointed by the Speaker.
The committee appoints an executive officer who serves as administrator for Legislative Administration. The administrator's office coordinates and oversees the operation of the following administrative units: Employee Services; Facility Services; Information Systems; Financial Services; and
Overseen by the Legislative Counsel Committee, the Office of the Legislative Counsel provides legal and publication services to the Legislative Assembly and its members and other agencies of state government. The office drafts measures and amendments for legislators, legislative committees and state agencies; provides legal advice to legislators and legislative committees; reviews state agency rules for legal sufficiency; prepares indexes and tables for legislative publications; edits, publishes, sells and distributes the Oregon Revised Statutes, the official bound session laws and other print and electronic publications.
The Legislative Fiscal Office (LFO) is a permanent, non-partisan legislative service agency. It provides research, analysis, and evaluation of state expenditures, financial affairs, program administration, and agency organization. The LFO also provides fiscal impact statements on legislative measures.
Committees staffed by LFO include the Joint Committee on Ways and Means, the Emergency Board, the Joint Legislative Audit Committee, and the Joint Legislative Committee on Information Management and Technology.
The Legislative Revenue Office (LRO) is a permanent, non-partisan legislative service agency. It provides research and analysis on tax policy and school finance issues for legislators, legislative committees, and their staffs. The LRO also provides revenue impact statements on legislative measures that affect state or local revenue. Legislative committees staffed by the LRO are the Senate Finance & Revenue Committee, the House Revenue Committee, and the Task Force on Comprehensive Revenue Restructuring.
The office was established in law by the 1975 Legislature. Its authority and functions are specified in ORS 173.800 through ORS 173.850.